The infrequent leak of a prisoner list from a Chinese detention camp shows how a government data program targets Muslim minorities for detaining offenses, including being young, or talking to a sibling living abroad.
The Human Rights Watch (HRW) database sheds new light on how officials work Xinjiang The region uses a broad “forecast police” network to monitor individuals’ personal networks, their online activity and daily lives.
The list includes details of more than 2,000 Uyghur prisoners detained in Aksu province between 2016 and 2018, all of whom have been imprisoned since the Integrated Joint Action Platform (IJOP) was flagged off.
IJOP is a very large database Combining personal data obtained from automated online monitoring and information Manually entered into a Bespoke app by the authorities.
This includes information about people’s physical characteristics, first their car color and their personal preference for using the front or back door before entering their home, as well as the software they use online and their regular contacts.
“The Axu list provides additional insights into how China’s brutal repression of Xinjiang’s Turkish Muslims is being turbocharged by technology,” said senior Maya Wang. China Researcher at HRW.
Most of those on the list were arrested for lawful and non-violent behavior, but some are referred to as “IJOP flag bearers” without further information on how the authorities came to a conclusion with such strong implications.
Listed behaviors as a precautionary measure include “generally unreliable” and “born after the 1980s”. One person appears to have been detained for non-payment of rent on his land and others for polygamy.
Beijing initially denied the existence of the camps, but more recently claimed that they were an integral part of the fight against terrorism and extremism.
However, the details in the list show a broader precaution. “This contradicts Chinese officials’ claims that their ‘sophisticated’, ‘predictive’ technologies, such as the IJOP, keep Xinjiang safe by accurately targeting” criminals, “Wang said.
One prisoner, named in the report, was flagged “for connections to important countries,” after the IJOP recorded four calls from his sister living abroad, stating their duration in minutes and seconds.
The researchers spoke with HRW and her sister as part of their efforts to verify the documents. He said Ms. D was being questioned by police about the foreign family at the time of her arrest.
Since then there has been no contact between the siblings, although it has been heard that Ms D now works full-time in a factory and was only allowed to go home on weekends. He suspects it is part of a compulsory labor program.
There was only one leak of prisoner names, Carax List, Which was made public earlier this year and showed how authorities decided whether to detain someone. The Axu list appears to show how the authorities first choose who should be detained, especially the role of the IJOP.
Despite the leaks of official documents describing how the IJOP and camp network are structured, these details from Axu provide an unprecedented view of how the system works on a day-to-day basis.
“While we have interviewed those who have been detained since the IJOP was elected, this is the first time we have seen official documents explaining to each person how the organization detained them,” Wang said.
“It shows us how it really works on a personal level. Not just how it is designed to work.”
Described by human rights groups Mass human rights violations in XinjiangMore than a million people are being held in detention and re-education camps, including restrictions on religion, culture and language, as well as forced labor, mass sterilization of women and cultural genocide.