Scientists base themselves specifically on the study of the skull of a mummy of a pharaoh who died 3300 years ago.
Statues, carvings, paintings… Ramses II has been immortalized many times over in history. But this time it is designed with more realism. A team of scientists reconstructed the famous pharaoh’s face at age 45 and at the end of his life, at 91. France reveals information.
The work, led by British forensic anthropologist Caroline Wilkinson of Liverpool John Moores University and Egyptian Sahar Salim, a paleontologist at Cairo University, will be presented at the event. Roots and wingsAired on France 3 on September 28.
Skull scan and descriptions
Scientists are the first to use a scanner of the skull of Ramses II, who was mummified when he died nearly 3,300 years ago, to reconstruct the face of the man who ruled Egypt from -1279 to -1213.
“In Ramesses II, there is a very broad nasal bone. It is very high and very pronounced between the eyes,” says Caroline Wilkinson in the documentary, as Franceinfo reports.
“The stronger a muscle is anchored, the more likely its attachments will leave visible marks on the surface of the skull,” says the anthropologist. After the skull and features, reconstruction looks at the skin of the face, such as color, wrinkles or imperfections.
“What we get from the skull is not information, the anthropologist notes. So we are in interpretation. But it is based on models of representation in this age”, explains Caroline Wilkinson.